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Cite Your Sources: APA

Why cite your sources? What does this mean? How do I do this? These questions will be addressed through the information provided on the pages of this guide.

APA Style

General Information on APA

Margins

  • Use 1" margins for the entire document.
  • Use a 1/2" indent for every paragraph and footnote.
  • Indent set-off quotations 1/2" from the left margin.

Text Formatting

  • Use 12 pt Times New Roman font.
  • Do not justify the text or use hyphenation.
  • Double-space the text, title, headings, footnotes, quotations, references and captions.
  • Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks.

Page Header (Running Head)

  • Include a running head on every page.
  • Page number should be flush right.
  • Type the entire title in capital letters. Title should be flush left.
  • Shorten the title if necessary. It cannot exceed more than 50 characters.

Abstract

  • Begin the abstract on a new page.
  • Identify it with the running head or abbreviated title and the page number 2.
  • Label the page "Abstract" in upper and lower case letters, centered, at the top of the page.
  • The summary itself should be single spaced without indentation.

Introduction

  • Begin introduction on a new page.
  • Identify it with the running head or abbreviated title and the page number 3.
  • Type the title of the manuscript in upper and lower case letters, centered, at the top of the page.
  • The summary itself should be single spaced without indentation.

Footnotes

  • Number all footnotes consecutively in the order in which they appear in the manuscript with superscript numerals.
  • Place the footnote at the bottom of the page on which it is discussed.
  • Alternatively, footnotes can be placed on a separate page after the references.

Appendices

  • Begin each appendix on a new page.
  • Center the word Appendix and the identifying capital letter (A, B, etc.) at the top of the page.
  • Center the title of the appendix, and use upper and lower case letters.
  • Begin the text of the appendix flush left, followed by indented paragraphs.

In-text citations in the body of your manuscript point the reader to specific sources listed in your References. They usually include:

  • author’s last name
  • title (if no author is given)
  • publication date
  • page numbers

Examples

Author's name in text
Author has expressed this concern (1995, p.128).

Author's name in parenthetical reference
This concern has been expressed (Baily & Sage, 1988, p.128).

How to use the paper:

  • Read through the paper and notice each major formatting element of APA writing style is discussed and illustrated within the paper. 
  • Both a sample and explanation of the formatting element are included.
  • Additional help with APA formatting can be found in the links and information boxes on this page.
  • A highlight of this paper is the examples of in-text formatting and uses of paraphrases and direct quotes used to support your research.